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State of the Art: Quantum Technologies
DescriptionQubits, or ‘quantum bits’ have the potential to exceed the abilities of their classical counterparts for applications such as sensing, secure communication, simulation and ultimately computing. These efforts are collectively known as “Quantum Information Science (QIS)”. There are already many applications of such systems, in for example the development of atomic clocks, used in modern GPS systems. The ultimate goal of QIS is the development of a universal quantum computer (QC), a device which can theoretically approximate any unitary operation on its constituent qubits. Such a computer could be used to solve specific problems exponentially faster than a traditional computing system. The set of such problems known to-date is however quite limited. A primary example includes Shor’s factoring algorithm, discovered in 1994, which is credited with fueling interest in quantum computing research. Other applications, still under development, include quantum chemistry and quantum machine learning, which play important roles in the recent private sector activities. The core technologies, however, are still in a nascent stage of development, and it remains unclear which technological approach will prove most effective in the long term. This presentation will begin with a brief overview of the field of QIS, then focus on an update of the leading state-of-the-art QC technologies, and will finish with a deep dive into the status of quantum error correction, a long-term essential element for running quantum algorithms.
LocationDallas Ballroom/Omni Hotel